Coastal salinity has a severe impact on agriculture



Pinky Akter
Coastal salinity has a severe impact on agriculture

Coastal salinity has a severe impact on agriculture

  • Font increase
  • Font Decrease

Md: Abbas Uddin. Bholar is living in high fashion. According to family sources, his occupation is agricultural work. 52-year-old Solaiman Miah has been working in agriculture for about 32 years.

He cultivates paddy and various kinds of vegetables in his 2 acres of land. However, in recent years, his agricultural land has not yielded as expected. And this farmer blames the effect of climate change on less rain, and weather variation as the main reason.

Climate change has had a negative impact on agricultural land. Agriculture in saline areas is at grave risk. They are facing various problems including irrigation water.

Talk to more farmers in Charfashion. They said that this year's low rainfall has adversely affected production. There has been an increase in the number of insects on the land. Green leafhoppers eat rice chlorophyll. There may also be various crop diseases

But the bigger problem is salt water. which mixes with agricultural soil and destroys crops. Talked to Solaiman of the local farmers association. He said the arable land is becoming uncultivated due to the intensity of salinity. Yields are falling, crops are deepening economic wounds in coastal areas. Farmers said that they could not sow rice seeds on time due to the weather this year.

But the acute problem is that of irrigation water in the land. The decrease in the navigability of the rivers and the increase in the height of the salt water of the sea is due to the fact that the salt water of the sea is entering the agricultural land through tributaries from the river. In this area, it is not possible to irrigate the land from river or pond water in the coastal agricultural land, so the farmers have to irrigate the land by raising water through tube wells.

Farmers say that we used to irrigate the agricultural land by retaining the rainwater, but this year due to less rain, it will have a negative impact on paddy cultivation. In addition, due to less rain, irrigation will have to be done by extracting underground water, in this case, the production cost will also increase.

in this regard, Dr. Ainun Nishat, former vice-chancellor and climate expert of BRAC University, said that the situation is getting worse due to salinity. Farmers are unable to use surface water for irrigation, she further added that if the land is not made arable, it will affect people's life and ecology. Apart from this, salt water should be prevented from entering by constructing and rebuilding dams in this area. Integrated planning and its implementation are essential for overall development.

Researchers from Ohio State University and Arizona State University have conducted a study on the effects of climate change. The study was published in the journal Nature Climate Change under the title 'Coastal Climchange The study was published in the journal Nature Climate Change under the title 'Coastal Climate Change, Soil Salinity and Human Migration in Bangladesh'. The researchers estimated that a moderate increase in salinity would reduce a farm's agricultural income by 21 percent annually. 40 percent of agricultural land in southern Bangladesh will be under serious threat.

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Founder Director Professor Dr. M. Tofazzal Islam Shaheen said, due to climate change, the agriculture sector is suffering severe damage. Crop diseases are increasing. Day by day the underground water level is going down, rivers are drying up, and deserts have appeared in some areas. He also said that high yield is possible without water irrigation in agriculture. The problem of climate change is becoming more pronounced on the coast of Bangladesh. Due to saline water in agriculture, they are not able to provide artificial irrigation. He talks about the discovery of agricultural production with less irrigation. Besides, Tofazzal Islam also suggested developing new technology and increasing research in agriculture.

3,000 liters of water is required for the production of each kilogram of rice. Maize and wheat require one-tenth of water.

A study by the Soil Resources Research Institute (SRDI) has revealed that coastal districts are deprived of more than 3 million tonnes of foodgrain production every year due to salinity alone.

SRDI recently conducted a study to assess the impact of salinity on agriculture in coastal areas. It has emerged that salinity has a large negative impact on the overall socio-economic situation including food security in the southern part of the country. As the salinity increases, the activity of microorganisms in the soil of the coastal region is decreasing. At the same time, the availability of organic matter, nitrogen, and phosphorus in the soil is also decreasing. On the contrary, copper and zinc levels are increasing.

Ripon Kumar Mandal, Chairman of the Department of Agricultural Economics of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University said, "we have started climate tolerant agricultural production. Various adaptations including aqua culture are being adopted on the coast.

   

No investigation is underway against S Alam group: BFIU chief



Staff Correspondent, Barta24.com, Dhaka
BFIU Masood Biswas

BFIU Masood Biswas

  • Font increase
  • Font Decrease

Head of Bangladesh Financial Intelligence Unit (BFIU) Masood Biswas said that there is no ongoing investigation against business firm S Alam Group and there are no plans or instructions to investigate in the future.

In response to a question, he said that our statement was not properly reported in the media. We have said that our activities are going on as per the instructions given to us. We have not said anything that an investigation is being or will be. If we had done any investigation, we would have written to the banks. I used to get information from the banks. But no such letter was given anywhere from our side.

In another question, Masud Biswas said, "We have not found anything negative against the chairman of S Alam Group or his family." A group is trying to confuse this issue by using some journalists and they are actually spreading the news with wrong information. But the matter is nothing like that. We have said that everything will be done as per the court's directions.

He also said that I have contacted the media where the wrong news has been published, informed them about the wrong news and also informed the Bangladesh Bank spokesperson about the matter.

It is to be noted that two online news portals and online versions of newspapers published reports under the headline that investigation is underway against S Alam Group, citing BFIU chief Masood Biswas, which he termed as baseless.

;

Today is the day to achieve glory for the Bengali sons of who gave their lives for language



Staff Correspondent, Barta24.com, Dhaka
photo: Collected

photo: Collected

  • Font increase
  • Font Decrease

My pride, my hope. AA-mori Bengali language!' There is no other language as sweet as Bengali in the world. The sweetness and importance of Bengali language is not only limited to 1 lakh 48 thousand square miles.

Although the people of many countries sacrificed themselves to be free, no one had an idea that anyone would have to die for the language! The sons of Bengali mothers got the honor of giving life for the first language in the world.

The movement started in February. Although the movement went on for several rounds, unarmed Bengali students were shot in the chest by the police and the streets were drenched in blood. So the year 1952 is the period of awakening of Bengalis. The foundation of independent Bangladesh was established on February 21 of this year. It was on that day that a small country began to wake up, gain independence and become known to the world.

In 1999, UNESCO recognized 21st February as International Mother Language. This honor is simultaneously a joy and a pain. This memorable date is associated with Bengalis and the existence of Bengal. Turning the golden pages of history can be seen, the memories of the martyrs are still wet in the blood!

After the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947, two independent states, Hindustan and Pakistan, were born. Independent Pakistan was established on the eastern and western sides of Hindustan on the basis of religious majority. With that, two separate states of Pakistan, East Pakistan and West Pakistan were created. Pakistan was formed by the combination of 4 crore 40 lakh people of East Pakistan and 6 crore 90 people of West Pakistan. However, since the partition, the disparity between the two states began to be noticed. Even though it was a state of the same country, Bengalis were deprived in all aspects of government, administration and economy, military. The first protest against that discrimination took place in 1952.

Bengalis were optimistic about the newly created state. However, the discriminating West Pakistanis throw sand of despair in the eyes that are shining in the dream of potential which started with language. Bengali was the mother tongue of 54 percent of people in Pakistan. But the Pakistanis strongly refused to give Bengali the honor of the state language. Attempts were even made to completely erase Bengali from the national currency and postage stamps. Forced to cripple the Bengali linguistically, any opportunity should not be missed! West Pakistani leaders are seen to take such a decision. So besides being disappointed with the newly formed state, anger started building up in the minds of Bengalis.

Although two states of the same country, the dominance of the western part of Pakistan emerged from the beginning. Karachi was made the capital of Pakistan. It was announced at the National Education Conference of the new state that only Urdu would be the official language of Pakistan. It is recommended to use only one language in schools, offices and also in the media.

The decision was immediately contested in the East. The people of Dhaka joined the rally under the leadership of Abul Kashem, the founder of Tamuddin Majlis. Demands to recognize Bengali as another state language of Pakistan continued. But West Pakistan was adamant. Their 'Public Service Commission of Pakistan' approved list did not include Bengali names. The angry Bengalis decided to take any step to give Bengali the status of the state language. On December 8, 1947, the students formally raised this demand in the premises of Dhaka University. The procession and agitation continued.

On March 21, 1948, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, announced that Urdu would be the sole language of Pakistan. Immediately the Bengalis protested. Even after Jinnah's death, the dispute between the two sides of Pakistan continued over making Bengali the state language. The resolute Bengalis carried out the movement stop by stop which continued for several years.

The final fuel was added on January 26, 1952. In a rally in Dhaka, the final declaration was made, 'Urdu and Urdu will be the only national language of Pakistan.' On February 21 (Falgun 8 of 1358 in Bengal), Bengalis called for a general strike on this demand. Announcing the cancellation of meetings and marches with the imposition of section 144 to suppress the strike.

Young students were fired upon for disobeying government orders. Many students including Salam, Rafiq, Barkat, Jabbar, Shafiur were martyred. Many were arrested. Everyone gathered at Dhaka Medical College to insult the independence of the independent nation. On February 22, the general public including students also gathered and mourned the martyrs. Shaheed Minar was built next to the medical college overnight on February 23.

On February 26, the Shaheed Minar was demolished and the martyrs were insulted. Hardliner Pakistan is determined not to let the Bengalis raise their heads. The picture changed somewhat in 1954. If the United Front wins the election, let the Bengalis get relief. On February 29, 1956, the constitution was amended. There Bengali is given the honor of state language along with Urdu. Although the movement and sacrifices were successful for several years, the Bengalis realized that their struggle had only just begun. They have no freedom in their own country, rather discrimination.

Until the 90s, 21st February was observed as Martyrs Day of Bengal. However, since gaining international recognition and respect for the respective languages worldwide. Currently around 27 to 28 crore people speak Bengali in the world.

;

President and Prime Minister pay tribute to language martyrs



Staff Correspondent, Barta24.com, Dhaka
photo: Collected

photo: Collected

  • Font increase
  • Font Decrease

On the first day of Great Martyrs' Day and International Mother Language Day, the President Md. Shahabuddin and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina paid tribute to the language martyrs at the Central Shaheed Minar.

On Tuesday (February 20) at 12:01 PM, President Md. Sahabuddin and later Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina paid their respects by offering wreaths.

After laying wreaths, the President and the Prime Minister stood in silence for a while and remembered the martyrs of the language movement. At this time Amar Ekushey's timeless song 'Amar Bhaier Raktey Rangano Ekushey February...' was played.

On the first day of Great Martyrs' Day and International Mother Language Day, various diplomats, cabinet members, linguists, speakers and deputy speakers, leaders of opposition parties and other political parties offered wreaths and paid homage at the central Shaheed Minar.

;

This time armed mugging in Adabar



Al Amin Raju, Staff Correspondent, Barta24.com
Photo: barta24.com

Photo: barta24.com

  • Font increase
  • Font Decrease

Mass mugging is happening in different areas of Mohammadpur of the capital. Gang muggers ganged up and carried out one mugging after another openly. Especially those who are in front of them are being beaten and injured and are taking things away.

On Monday (February 19) in the evening, a mass looting incident occurred at Sekhertek (PC Culture) Housing No. 1/1 Road of Adabar Police Station. At this time, the muggers beat some pedestrians and shopkeepers.

Earlier, on September 29, 2023, a similar armed mugging occurred in Basila Garden City area of Mohammadpur. 20 people were cut and injured. Mobile phones and money of 15-20 people were robbed along with several shops. On December 24 of that year, 5 to 6 youths snatched mobile phones and wallets at noon with sharp weapons.

Meanwhile, talking to the locals about the incident on Monday, it is said that at 7:40 pm, a group of 8 to 10 youths entered the Shekhartek Housing No. 1 road and started looting with sharp weapons and spears. From road number 1 came to road number 1/1 next to it. On this road, youths armed with weapons first beat up some people and then beat up shops and passers-by and snatched mobile phones and money. Witnesses believe that they are not local.

Several CCTV footages of this incident have come into the hands of Barta24.com. Analyzing the CCTV footage, it can be seen that some of the group of 8 to 10 youths were holding a sharp chapati with indigenous weapons having masks on everyone's faces. Most are dressed in black. The group first proceeded to target four people standing next to a motorcycle on the side of road number 1. Some of the group ambushed them with weapons. Two escaped the attack but the other two were beaten from the opposite side of the chapati. Mobile phones and money were taken away from them at gunpoint. It is known that these four are officers of private bank BRAC. They work in the loan department.

Barta24.com has contacted two victims of the mugging and several eyewitnesses. One of them is a businessman. Faizul. At the end of the day's buying and selling, he was preparing to close the shop. At this time some armed muggers entered his shop. Later, two mobile phones and Tk. 40,000 from the cash were taken from the shop at gunpoint.

Old goods businessman Faizul told Barta24.com, I and my two employees were packing goods in the shop. I will close the shop after packing the goods. Suddenly in the evening around 7:40 to 45 minutes some people entered the shop with big chapatis and ramadaos. One hit me with the opposite side of the chapati and I fell. Then another person threatened to get angry with Ramadao and asked to open the cash. Later, fearing for my life, when I opened the cash, my two mobile phones and cash of Tk. 40,000 were taken away.

Another victim is Sujan Sheikh. Sujan, a car driver by profession, was on his way home from duty when he was attacked by a group of muggers. As Sujan was at work, he talked to his father Kahir Sheikh. He told Barta24.com that the muggers caught my son on his way home from duty in the evening. Some people beat them with ramdao and chapati.

Kahir Sheikh said, they took my son's wallet and mobile phone at gunpoint. I don't know how much was in the pocket. But the price of mobile was Tk. 15 thousand. Now the boy is back on duty with pain to save his job.

Eyewitnesses said that when the group of muggers entered through Shekhertek area, they took away mobile phones and money from whoever they found on the street. Later they went through Shekhartek through Road No. 3 of Mohammadia Housing Society. They used two battery-powered auto rickshaws to leave the area. These are also thought to be fixed by the locals.

When asked about the mass mugging at gunpoint, Inspector (Investigation) of Adabar Police Station, Nazrul Islam said, "We have received a complaint from an officer of BRAC Bank. Apart from this, no one who has been mugged has filed a complaint yet.

He further said that after receiving the news of this incident, I went to the spot and collected the CC footage. We are trying to arrest those involved.

;